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See also Acidosis Teaching Resources

Anion Gap Acidosis

The anion gap (in mmol/L) = (Na+ K) - (HCO3 + Cl)
An anion gap of 7 - 17 mmol/L is normal.

An anion gap > 17 mmol/L, in the presence of acidosis suggests:

  • lactic acidosis - may be secondary to shock or seizures from a number of poisons
  • diabetic, alcoholic or starvation ketoacidosis
  • renal failure (GFR < 10% of normal)
  • infantile organic acidosis

or poisoning with one of the following toxins that alter metabolism leading to acidosis:

/home/wikitoxo/public_html/data/pages/wikitox/anion_gap_acidosis.txt · Last modified: 2018/09/01 09:00 (external edit)