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Poisoning monographs

General background

Teaching outlines

Topic structure



There are a very large number of toxins that can lead to hallucinations and/or delirium.

A psychotomimetic reaction, with apparent visual or auditory hallucinations, delirium and heightened or only slightly decreased level of consciousness, is most commonly due to:

Withdrawal states

The anticholinergic syndrome

The serotonergic syndrome

Dopaminergic drugs

  • Bromocriptine
  • L-dopa

Illicit drugs

In addition, a large number of drugs that impair consciousness may lead to delirium usually without significant hallucinosis. These drugs are discussed under drugs leading to coma.

Differentiating features

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